Currently we talk mostly about xMOOCs. Donald Clark has created a new taxonomy of 8 different types of MOOCs. This taxonomy is based on pedagogy instead of from a institutional perspective:
Transfer MOOCs literally take existing courses and decant them into a MOOC platform. The pedagogic assumption is that of transfer from teacher and course content to learner.
Made MOOCs tend to more innovative in their use of video, avoiding talking heads in favour of Khan Academy or Udacity hand on board sequences.
Synchronous MOOCs have a fixed start date, tend to have fixed deadlines for assignments and assessments and a clear end date.
Asynchronous MOOCs have no or frequent start dates, tend to have no or looser deadlines for assignments and assessments and no final end date.
Adaptive MOOCs use adaptive algorithms to present personalised learning experiences, based on dynamic assessment and data gathering on the course and courses. They rely on networks of pre-requisites and take learners on different, personalised paths through the content.
Group MOOCs start with small, collaborative groups of students. The aim is to increase student retention. The groups are software selected by geography, ability and type.
These connectivist MOOCs rely on the connections across a network rather than pre-defined content.
We have also seen the emergence of shorter MOOCs for content and skills that do not require such long timescales. This is more typical of commercial e-learning courses, which tend to be more intense experiences that last for hours and days, not weeks.
I think this is good addition for the discussion about MOOCs. Probably more types will evolve in time.
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