The website Online Colleges publiced a infographics about Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). It is a nice overview.
Ik merk dat een heel aantal termen door elkaar worden gebruikt, zoals OER, OpenCourseWare, Open Courses (MOOCs), Open Education, Online Distance Education. In deze blog probeer ik hier wat duidelijkheid in te scheppen en ook de verschillen aan te geven.
Via Gerwin Pols I stumbled upon this video of New Brunswick Department of Education. The video provides an insightful peek into the future of education and extrapolates some exciting innovations that we can expect to see by the year 2020.
Deze week demonstreerde Google op hun grote Google I/O-conferentie de Google Glass. En ja, dat doe je natuurlijk niet zo maar ff. Nee, Google heeft productdemonstraties weer een stap verder gebracht. Ze hebben hierbij een risico genomen, maar het ging helemaal goed. Hieronder de video, interessant is ook hoe ze dit voor elkaar gekregen hebben.
While a lot of educationalist are talking about flipping the classroom, is MIT working on 'flipping the funnel'. Last friday Anant Agarwal, founder of MITx/edX, did a presentation at the Unesco OER Congress.
Traditional most American elite universities have a lot of applications from students to study there. MIT normally has around 18,000 applications and only 1,600 are admitted. Via a proces of selection they go from the 18k to the less then 2k freshman students who will enroll in the courses and almost all of them pass the courses. They call this a funnel (in Dutch: trechter).
With MITx they turn this around. So they admit anyone to the course. The course works as funnel. 154,763 persons registered for the course 6.002x: Circuits and Electronics and only 7,157 got a certification for the course:
MITx 7,157 Certified 8,240 Took the Final 9,358 Passed the Midterm 10547 Made it to the Midterm 26,349 Tried the First Problem Set 154,763 Registered for the course
The information (learning analytics) they have registered from this group is enormous, but also very interesting. MIT will probably use this information in their traditional selection of students.
I would be supprised if companies would show interest in this database for recruiting employees, especially because it is an world-wide audience.
Offcourse the biggest group was from the US, but the other countries in the top 10 are: India, UK, Colombia, Spain, Pakistan, Canada, Brazil,Greece and Mexico.
According to Anant, the real-time feedback was a game changer for this course. He was even talking about green check is a EdX Cult Symbool.
For this course Anant had arranged with Elsevier that he could publish the complete book. Elsevier told him a couple of weeks later that the book was completely sold-out world-wide. This is an interesting observation and will certainly mean that Elsevier would like to do this more often.
Features of a edX course
- Students get instant feedback on their work.
- Students can participate in online labs.
- There is lots of interaction on the discussion boards, also social discussion (about the dog of Anant).
- Students can check 24/7 their progress and how they score in comparison of the rest of the group (Learning Analytics)
If you pass the course you will receive a certificate with your name, the name of the course, your grade. The certificate is issued by EdX/MITx and is signed by the Dean of Online Education.
- Online students have something in common with residential ones. The do everything just in time. Procrastination!
- EdX students prefer video's of a professor that handwrites formulas instead of powerpoint.
- The MIT student watch the lectures at 1.5x speed and read the transcription.
- According to Anant Online Learning can Reinvent Campus Education:
Platform and content
In contrast with Coursera and Udacity the EdX-platform will be open-sourced and the content will be available with an open license (CC-license).
MIT is really making the next step in Open Education. Their ultimate goal is to teach 1 billion student. I especially like the learning analytics and the research they are doing to improve campus education. So also paying students profit from this iniative.
Door collega's Sofia Dopper en Ruud van Zijl is een gids geschreven voor docenten over het opnemen van colleges. Hoewel de gids heel specifiek voor de TU Delft is, bevat het ook voor buitenstaanders nuttige tips:
- Hoe ziet een opgenomen college er uit?
- Welke voordelen heeft het opnemen van colleges?
- Bij wie moet ik zijn als ik mijn college wil laten opnemen?
- Hoe gaat het opnemen in z’n werk?
- Wie is waarvoor verantwoordelijk?
- Kan ik op de zaalcomputer werken?
- met mijn eigen laptop?
- Hoe zorg ik ervoor dat de kwaliteit van de opnames zo goed mogelijk wordt?
- Hoe kan ik het leereffect van collegerama opnames vergroten?
- Wat als er iets mis gaat tijdens de opname?
- Als ik een live uitzending wil van mijn college, moet ik daar dan iets anders voor doen?
- Als mijn college via internet beschikbaar is, komen studenten dan nog wel naar college?
- Waar moet ik op letten als ik mijn Collegerama-opnames open wil publiceren?
- Hoe zit het met kosten?
- Waar kan ik terecht voor ondersteuning?
In the Open Education Week of this year the US Department of Education announced the Why Open Education Matters. Now you can vote for your favourite video. The video's are great to watch and it is difficult to select the best.
The contest has a Public Choice Award (reward $ 1000) were we can vote and there is a jury that will select the first ($25,000) and second ($5,000) place prizes.
Even after the contest these will stay great resources to promote Open Education.
Last friday during the 20120 World OER Congress at UNESCO HQ in Paris the 2012 Paris OER Declaration is approved. This declaration is the result of a process of couple of months with regional and online meetings and the final discussion at the Congress. The declaration recommends States to:
- Foster awareness and use of OER.
- Facilitate enabling environments for use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT).
- Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.
- Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks.
- Support capacity building for the sustainable development of quality learning materials.
- Foster strategic alliances for OER.
- Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts.
- Encourage research on OER.
- Facilitate finding, retrieving and sharing of OER.
- Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds.
The declaration is now given to Director-General. She will submit this to the Executive Board. When they approve it, it goes to General Conference for the final approval.
Interesting is how the different member states of UNESCO will implement this declaration. They shouldn't wait for the official approval, but should get started directly. An easy first step is to publish your own documents with an open license. UNESCO has announced that they will do this, when the Declaration is approved.
OpenScout has created a very good document about the Declaration and its implications. Per item they also do suggestions for actions a government can do.
The next three days I will be present at the 2012 World Congress on Open Educational Resources at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. With my European project about OpenCourseWare in Europe I have a stand at the exhibition.
Below is the poster I have made for the conference, click on it to view it full screen. You can also download the poster in PDF.